Stroke: caused , symptoms and types

Stroke

A stroke is a condition of medication that causes cell death due to poor blood flow to the brain. Sometimes a stroke is called a brain attack. It occurs when the supply of blood to the part of the brain may block when the blood vessels of the brain are broken.

Table of contents:

  1. What is a stroke?
  2. Why is it called a medical stroke?
  3. What is a stroke caused by?
  4. What are the symptoms of a stroke?
  5. What are the main types of strokes?
  6. What age is a silent stroke for?
  7. What are six foods that prevent stroke?
  8. Can you recover from a stroke?

1. What is a stroke?

A stroke is a condition of the brain in which brain vessels burst due to a bad supply of blood to the brain. In a stroke, the brain stops functioning properly. There are two main causes of stroke. ischemic, poor flow of blood or blockage, and hemorrhagic is due to too much bleeding. In a stroke, the inability to feel on one side of the body may cause difficulty speaking or understanding what others are saying. There are many symptoms that cause stroke.

2. Why is it called a medical stroke?

Although the word “stroke” is derived from the Greek word “apoplexia,” which indicates being struck with a fatal blow, it would be wrong to make a direct comparison between our modern concept of stroke and what has historically been known as apoplexy.

An apoplexy is a situation in which a patient suffers a sudden “sudden stoppage of all mental activities with the maintenance of the pulse and respiration.

A stroke is a medical emergency in which there is a loss of blood flow to the part of the brain. Medically, stroke happens due to broken blood vessels and blood clots in the brain. A stroke is sometimes called a brain attack. Parts of the brain may die or be damaged. It sometimes causes disability in moving or even causes death.

3. What is a stroke caused by?

Some medical conditions that raise the chance of stroke can be treated. Other factors that put you in danger cannot be changed:

Heart disease

This condition is responsible for faulty heart valves as well as irregular heartbeats or atrial fibrillation, which account for a quarter of all deaths among the elderly. Fatty deposits can also cause clogged arteries.

Diabetes

It often results in high blood pressure, and those who have high blood pressure are more likely to be overweight. Both increase the risk of stroke. Your blood vessels are damaged by diabetes, which makes a stroke more likely. The injury to your brain is greater if you have a stroke when your blood sugar is high.

High blood pressure

Your physician might call it hypertension. It is a major cause of strokes. Your doctor will talk to you about treatment if your usual blood pressure is 130/80 or higher.

Tobacco

Chewing it or smoking increases your risk of stroke. The use of nicotine may increase your blood pressure. As a result of smoking, your arteries and neck may accumulate fat. It may thicken your blood and raise your chances of clotting. You can be harmed by secondhand smoke as well. 

Weight and exercise

A stroke may increase the risk of stroke if you are overweight. By engaging in everyday exercise, you may lower the chance of stroke. Do muscle-building exercises, like pushups or weightlifting, and go for a 30-minute brisk walk.

Medications

Some medicines may also increase the risk of medications. For example, blood-thinning medications, which doctors advise you to take to prevent blood clotting, can occasionally make the stroke more likely through bleeding. The use of hormone medication to treat menopause symptoms, like hot flashes, has been studied to raise the chances of stroke. Birth control tablets’ low-dose estrogen may also increase the chance of stroke.

4. What are the symptoms of a stroke?

Major symptoms of a stroke are given below:

1. Numbness

A sudden feeling of numbness by an individual in the arm, face, feet, arms, and legs; loss of feeling in hands. In a stroke, it is common to cause numbness on one side of the body, though the other side does function.

2. Trouble understanding

In a stroke, an individual may have trouble understanding language, speech, or numbers.

3. Confusion

A person may have difficulty comprehending what is happening or lose their ability to think. One may notice a puzzled look on their face when observing someone experiencing such confusion.

4. Change the vision.

A person may have blurred vision or difficulty with eyesight in both eyes.

5. Difficulty in speaking

A person who has a stroke may not have the ability to speak or have incoherent speech (not using words correctly). This person is unable to understand the other person’s sentences.

6. weakness

A person who experiences the strike when observing someone has a lack of strength in the face, leg, or arm. Its face seems to droop, and an individual may want to consistently lay down or sit.

7. severe headache

A person who experiences a stroke may have a sudden headache in the neck, scalp, or head. This happens without any reason, and people have no private history of headaches.

8. Dizziness

A person who experiences it has a headache, feels faint, or likes sipping the room.

5. What are the main types of stroke?

Strokes are a condition of medicine in which the flow of blood may be interrupted to the brain.

There are five types of stroke.

Ischemic stroke

when blood vessels are blocked by a blood clot and interrupt the supply of blood to the brain. 

Hemorrhagic stroke

A hemorrhagic stroke may cause nonstop bleeding in your brain, damaging nearby cells.

Transient ischemic stroke attack (mini-stroke)

ATI (transient ischemic stroke) is also called the mini-stroke. In ATI, the flow of blood to the brain is temporarily blocked. This type of stroke may last for 24 minutes or 24 hours.

Cryptogenic stroke (stroke of unknown cause)

A cryptogenic stroke is also called a stroke of unknown cause. A cryptogenic stroke is a stroke with no definite cause.

Brain stem stroke

This type of stroke happens in your brain stem. Both sides of the body are affected by it. Locked in the state caused by brain stem disease.

6. What age is a silent stroke?

According to 2023 research, 30% of people over the age of 70 have suffered at least one silent stroke. Recent studies have proven that multiple silent strokes increase your chance of developing vascular dementia, sometimes referred to as multi-infarct dementia.

7. What are six foods that prevent stroke?

The risk of stroke can be reduced by eating a healthier diet.

Some of the best foods that help prevent stroke are mentioned here.

1. Oatmeal (for whole grains)

2.Onions(for antioxidants)

3. Dry beans (for fibers)

4.yogurt(for probiotic)

5. Red wine (for antioxidants)

6. Flaxseeds (for fatty acids)

8. Can you recover from a stroke?

Yes, stroke can be curable, in brief, it goes in two stages. The doctor first provides a specialized medication to prevent further damage to the brain and restore normal blood flow. then the patient takes part in rehabilitation to treat the side effects of the stroke. Damaged brain tissue cannot be restored, but rehabilitation teaches healthy parts of the brain how to build affected areas of the brain.